1. The Right Environment

• Key components include relative humidity,temperature, CO2, and air circulation/exchange

• Ideal humidity is between 40%-60%

• Some plants like higher humidity, but that can lead to problems with fungus and disease

• Ideal temperature is between 68º–75º F

• Plants need CO2 to grow - with good air circulation and exchange, a room will naturally have between 300-400 PPM without supplemental CO2

2. Start With Good Water

• Water quality is essential to plant growth

• PPM (parts per million) or EC (electrical conductivity) measure salts in a solution

• Start off with a low PPM or EC and add nutrients specific to your plant variety requirements

• A Reverse Osmosis system can reduce PPM/EC

• pH (potential hydrogen) measures acidity or alkalinity in a solution on a scale of 0–14

• pH should range 5.8-6.2 in hydro and 6.0-6.8 in soil

• Nutrient “lockout” occurs in too high or low pH levels

3. Choose A Method

• Ebb & Flow gardens flood and drain a tray of plants with a nutrient solution at regular intervals

• Drip gardens provide a nutrient solution to each plant through tubes & emitters (drip stakes)

• Aeroponic gardens mist an oxygenated nutrient solution directly to the roots of its plants

• NFT (Nutrient Film Technique) gardens flow a slow moving nutrient solution over the plants roots

• Organics are possible using many methods, and are often grown in container gardens

4. Choose A Media

• Growing mediums act as the root anchor system

• Coco is made from the husks of a coconut, is pH stable, and provides moisture retention and aeration

• Expanded Clay pebbles provide moisture retention and aeration and are reusable if sterilized

• Rockwool stone is heated and spun into fibers then compressed, provides an excellent oxygen to water ratio, though flushing/conditioning is recommended

• Silica helps slow transpiration, provides moisture retention and aeration, and is reusable if sterilized

• Peat mixes can be altered to varying air/water ratios

5. Nutrients/Fertilizers

• Liquid/Dry nutrients can be organic or synthetic

• Over or under fertilizing can cause burning, curling or yellowing of plants

• Most nutrient bottles are labeled with N-P-K (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium)

• Additives/supplements can bolster microbial activity at the root zone, strengthen plant cell walls, increase flower sites, shorten length to harvest, increase size,flavor and aroma of fruits and flowers and more

• When used together, nutrients and supplements will help you achieve maximum results

6. Grow Lighting

• MH (Metal Halide) and HPS (High Pressure Sodium) are types of HID lights used in grow rooms

• MH lamps = Blue spectrum for vegetative

• HPS lamps = Orange/Red spectrum for flowering

• T5 lamps are high-output fluorescents with low heat/energy consumption ideal for cuttings, mother plants, and short growth cycles

• DE (Double-Ended) lighting is an improved spectrum HID lamp with a higher par reading than a single ended

• Plants in vegetative stage need 15-18 hrs. of light

• Plants in bloom stage need 10-12 hrs. of light

7. Testing Equipment

• There are many meters available for testing solution pH, PPM, and EC

• Environmental controllers and meters are available to automate and more accurately control and maintain the temperature, humidity, CO2 and lights

• Testing equipment for the water-nutrient solution,light, room temperature and humidity, CO2, and air circulation is the key to a providing optimal conditions for a bountiful garden

8. Optional Accessories

• Grow/Garden room accessories are essential for optimized growth and harvest

• Atmosphere drive devices such as fans, blowers,CO2 emitters, and integrated timers are a grow rooms greatest accessory

• Trellising, stakes, supports, shears, and labels are useful when growing fruiting/flowering crops

• Pest and disease control may be needed and there are many organic options available

• For more information visit!